Terpenes - What are they and how do they work?

Terpenes - What are they and how do they work?

Recent studies are finding new benefits as to why cannabis can be so effective in treating ailments. These studies have found that Cannabis produces something called Terpenes. Terpenes can enhance attributes of the cannabis that you consume; such as sedative or uplifting effects, increasing energy and focus, muscle relaxation and increasing or decreasing appetite. 

We know about CBD being a cannabinoid, a molecule reacting within a receptor system. So how do terpenes differ? Terpenes differ in the sense that they are not a cannabinoid, but more like an “essential oil” produced by cannabis. Not only produced by cannabis, but also produced by fruits and other plants, like oranges, mangoes, pine trees and flowers, to name a few. Terpenes also work in conjunction with cannabinoids, and react within the same receptor system. 

Currently, we know there are over 200 terpenes produced by the cannabis plant. The most common ones found and studied are limonene, pinene, myrcene, caryophyllene, linalool, and humulene. 

Limonene has been found to be great for stress relief, giving you an elevated mood. Studies show that limonene has great anti-inflammatory effects, helps with acid reflux symptoms and aids in digestion. It also has great antifungal and antibacterial properties. 

Pinene has been found to be a great bronchodilator, really helping to open up the airways. It helps with focus and alertness, and is a wonderful topical antiseptic, along with having pain relieving properties. 

Linalool and myrcene share some similar properties. Both are great for anxiety and stress relief, as well as offering muscle relaxation. Linalool by itself is an antidepressant and anticonvulsant, while myrcene is an anti-carcinogen, antimicrobial, and antiseptic. 

Humulene has been proven to help suppress appetite and help with inflammation. Humulene has also been shown to be effective in fighting cancer tumors and staph infections, which shows it has antibacterial properties as well. 

Caryophyllene has been found to be the only terpene (yet) that binds to our CB2 receptors. It is known to reduce anxiety, induce relaxation, offer stress relief, and fight alcohol addiction. Studies have shown that it may even help with reducing gene stress, which may offer you a longer life span. 

Future research looks promising in finding more benefits of these terpenes, and many others as well. Here at CBD American Shaman almost all of our products are full spectrum, with full blends of terpenes. Meaning you not only get the benefits from a full spectrum extract of CBD, but you get the added health benefits of the blended terpenes as well. Truly the best of both worlds!


Happy Healing!